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Pornography’s Impact on Marriage:
An Econometric Approach

Introduction

The growth of the Internet has lowered the costs, increased the accessibility, and furthered the anonymity of one of males’ favorite vices—pornography. Although the discussion of pornography has long been considered taboo, its effects are now coming under greater scrutiny as both its use and acceptance are growing quickly. From a study by Adult Video News, the adult entertainment industry made approximately $12.6 billion in revenue in 2005. More than 70% of men from ages 18 to 34 visit a pornographic site at least once in a typical month (comScore). In addition, according to the American Academy of Matrimonial Lawyers, the Internet was a significant factor in two out of three divorces in 2003, with excessive use of online pornography contributing to over half of such cases. While some with more traditional or religious values are quick to oppose pornography, its use is becoming more accepted by society as a whole and received especially well by young adults (Carroll). And when you add to this the proponents of free speech who see any attempt to regulate pornography as a violation of one’s rights and those who believe pornography serves as an outlet and actually reduces the number of rapes and violent crimes, you’ve got yourself quite the debate. Because pornography consumption has recently been increasing at an unparalleled rate, researchers are starting to examine potential consequences of its use. This has resulted in the emergence of new datasets and studies that have enabled us to look at the effects of pornography on the user, surrounding family members and friends, and society as a whole.

This paper addresses the impact of pornography on marriage. Since pornography consumption is significantly higher for men than for women (though the gap seems to be shrinking), I specifically look at the effects of pornography on married men. If the results indicate that pornography significantly diminishes the quality of one’s marriage and leads to infidelity, then they could be used as evidence against its distribution and for its regulation.

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The Crossroads of Divorce: A Nationwide Survey of Statutes Affecting Reconciliation Efforts

Abstract

With divorce being so common, the merits and effectiveness of reconciliation are of concern. Reconciliation efforts appear, for the most part, ineffective and unsought. This paper focuses on reviewing reconciliation-focused statutes surrounding the divorce process to discover what helps are available to struggling couples. Recommendations are given which would bring reconciliation resources and options to the forefront sooner in the divorce process in order to increase their effectiveness and people’s receptivity of them. It is hoped that these changes can help preserve and strengthen marriages. Future research needed in the area is suggested.

I. Introduction

Have you ever become lost while driving in unfamiliar territory? If so, you know the feelings of uncertainty that come each time you come to an intersection and must choose a path. Uncertainty haunts you even as you continue down a road you thought was the correct one, but as you continue down it, now you are not so sure. In situations like these, road signs and maps are helpful.

For couples undergoing marital difficulty, the situation can be similar. The territory is unfamiliar. Feelings of uncertainty are present as you try to choose the correct path but are not sure if it will really lead you to your desired destination. You are at a crossroads. Sometimes couples get on the road to divorce unwittingly and aren’t sure if they want to be on it. How do they get back on the road to marital harmony? Are there any roadmaps or signs? The road to divorce seems like the correct road because it is busy and so many people are traveling on it. However, if they don’t stop soon, before they know it (and it does happen quickly) some find themselves reading a sign that says, “Welcome to Divorce.”

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The Negative Effects of Pornography on Family Relationships:
Preventative Measures and Help With Addiction

Introduction
Over the past few decades, media that negatively affects family life seems to have dramatically increased. Pornographic material is prevalent and available everywhere: on the internet, television, and in books, and magazines. Unfortunately, families cannot avoid exposure to pornography completely. Some families may put in all their effort to shield their children from pornography because they fear its destructive effects and feel, as Will and Ariel Durant put it, that “sex is a river of fire that must be banked and cooled by a hundred restraints if it is not to consume in chaos both the individual and the group” (Durant, 1968). Contrastingly, others do not view pornography as an addiction, just merely an indulgence viewed as a normal activity of human nature. Because of this, pornography remains “ a hidden public health hazard exploding, in part, because very few are recognizing it as such or taking it seriously” (Manning, 2006). We must recognize pornography for what it truly is to avoid the destruction that it imposes on families. In the main portion of this paper, I will discuss how the use of pornography influences individuals and how it conflicts with marital, parent-child, and family relationships. Afterward, I will discuss preventative measures that can be taken to help protect against pornography from entering the home, and finally, I will discuss what those who are currently struggling can do to find help and overcome these negative effects on the family.

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Same-Sex Marriage is not Miscegenation: Why Loving does not Figure in the Marriage Debate

I. Introduction

Loving v. Virginia[1] was a landmark decision in American family law.  In it, the U.S. Supreme Court struck anti-miscegenation statutes adopted by Virginia as a violation of the Fourteenth Amendment of the Constitution and simultaneously invalidated all such statutes then in force in at least fourteen states across the country.[2] Within four years of the decision, a homosexual couple from Minnesota cited Loving in support of their assertion that Minnesota’s refusal to allow the couple to marry similarly violated the Equal Protection and Due Process Clauses of the Fourteenth Amendment.[3] The U.S. Supreme Court dismissed the case for lack of “a substantial federal question,”[4] thereby rejecting petitioners’ argument that the preservation of marriage as a legal relationship between one woman and one man is analogous to the invidious racial discrimination demonstrated in the Virginian statutes at issue in Loving.

Still, almost forty years later, proponents of same-sex marriage continue to assert that the Loving precedent applies equally to both situations.[5] This attempt to analogize the fight to legalize same-sex marriage to the judicial precedent invalidating prohibitions against interracial marriage addressed in Loving fails on multiple fronts; this Note will examine three points in detail. 

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Stable Families and Same-Sex Unions

The question of same-sex marriage has triggered a passionate and polarized debate. Extremists from the conservative side have cried terms such as ‘disgusting’ and ‘perverted.’ Parallels have even been drawn arguing that legitimizing same-sex marriage would quickly lead to marriage with animals. Such exaggerated claims are ridiculous and excessive. Unfortunately, these extremes are often associated with any who oppose same-sex marriage and are labeled as ‘intolerant,’ or ‘bigots,’ when in reality, opposition to same-sex marriage has legitimate concerns. A poignant point strewn across the signs of protestors must be considered in such a debate: “This has EVERYTHING to do with me, and NOTHING to do with you.” But is this true? At first glance this makes perfect sense, but if we take a deeper look, it does indeed have everything to do with us, our children, and our society. Families in the marriage unit are fundamental to society and same-sex marriage will inherently dilute the institution of marriage and the family.

Society views marriage as an important institution as it leads to families. “The institution of marriage is found in some form in all human societies because it is an effective way to ensure societal continuity through reproduction and socialization, as well as societal extension through the kinds of alliances that are produced when families are joined.” (Farrell, Pg 95) John Culhane explains that it is clear that our society values marriage because we encourage people to marry and then make it fairly difficult to get divorced. (Wells, ???) Though it is true not all marriages lead to families, it is largely accepted that this institution leads to the family and this serves as a model to society that marriage is not just an institution for two people.

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